Royal Holland Lloyd S.S. Gelria - 1913 - renamed Gradisca in 1935 to 1950
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colour version of the
Please Note: Postcards, photographs & other images are from the authors private collection, unless stated otherwise.
A special thank you to ssmaritime supporters for their kind assistance.
The company was founded in 1899 in order to
transported cattle and cargo between
The company's roots lie
in Zuid-Amerika Lijn (ZAL) the South
America Line, which was founded in
ZAL was dissolved in 1908 after it found itself
in financial difficulties. At the instigation of the
They built an amazing and an impressive fleet of Passenger-Cargo liners in fact by 1914 the company had five magnificent passenger ships with a tonnage between 7,291 and 13,911 GRT (Gross Registered Tons). Their names were Hollandia, Frisia, Zeelandia, Gelria and the short lived Tubantia as well as four cargo ships whose names all ended in land.
ship to the Gelria, is the
In 1913/14 they built their two finest
passenger-cargo liners both offered exceptional luxurious
accommodations and the most suburb pubic venues, especially in
First and Second Classes. For several years these ships also made
Having been fully crewed and stocked up the
fine looking luxury two funnelled, two mast 13,868 GRT (Gross
Registered Ton) liner was ready to depart for her maiden voyage
on November 5, 1913, from
The writing at the side simply states that this was her first voyage on the said date
Thank you for
Thank you again
Her schedule was as follows:
As built the
A Royal Holland Lloyd promotional poster
There was no doubt at all that the Gelria in her day was an extremely luxurious ship in fact it was so much so that the British publication Shipping Illustrated declared that she was the ship of the year.
Her public venues were simply spectacular, a lounge decorated in an empire style with amazing Dutch style, with a raised gallery for an orchestra playing; there was also a luxurious smoking room. And there was something that was generally not heard of on ships in those days, there was a telephone in all First Class super comfortable cabins.
Thus her facilities, in both First and also Second Class was beyond the best available at sea, except for one fine colour artist impression of the Social Hall, most of the other photographs are not the best images to show you the magnificence of this amazing ship, for sadly all I have available are very much of a lesser quality, but they will give you some idea of the luxury on board.
Part of a brochure released in 1914 after the release of the Tubantia
An artist impression of the grandiose Social Hall, see a small photo of this venue below left
The artist was
Left: The Social Hall & Right: The multi level Dining Room
The huge two level Smoking Room
A typical outside Cabin
Like most liners there is always a doctors office and an Infirmary
She was fitted with two 4 cylinder quadruple expansion steam engines providing an excellent service speed of 16 knots. Although carrying a large number of passengers, she also had four cargo holds, 2 forward and 2 aft and she had a grain capacity of 338.000 cubic ft, and a bale capacity 357.000 cubic ft.
The Gelria is seen
On March 12, 1919 the
French 1919 Passenger list
In 1920 she operated luxury cruises to Madeira
Above: The 1920 luxury Cruise brochure & Below: The Short Voyages brochure
Thank you for
Left: A German sailing schedule & Right: An English, French, Dutch & German sailing schedule from 1927
During the summer of 1928 Gelria headed to the
It may have been during the aforementioned refit, but it is not quite known when she was painted all white with a thin green ribbon surrounding her upper hull, but whenever this actually occurred she certainly looked magnificent as can be seen below the painting of her in drydock.
A painting of the
By the artist
Thank you for
A fine bow shot of
artists impression of the
Thank you for
As the world had gone into a deep depression,
it was decided to lay her up again at
On August 29, 1935 she was sold to the Italian
government and she was given a refit and when competed she was
placed under the management of
The Gradisca is seen during the Abyssinian war
In addition she made a number of voyages to
The Gradisca seen as a Hospital ship
On October 3, 1943, following the
On October 28, 1944 she was during a voyage
from Salonika to
She became a British war prize after the war, and she was duly returned to her Italian owners and she was refitted and repainted all white again, yet they continued to use her as a troopship as she was suitable for the role to bring soldiers home.
However, during a voyage from
The Gradisca is
seen aground on
She was eventually salvaged and refloated on
July 9, 1947, and was then laid up at
Specifications & General Details:
..Gradisca - 1935 to 1950.
..Italian Government - 1935 to 1950.
..German Navy - 1943 to 1945.
..Italian Government - 1945 to 1949.
..Breakers 1949 to 1950.
Alexander Stephen & Sons Ltd.,
Vessel Type: Steel, two funnelled, two mast passenger cargo ship.
Launched: .May 20, 1913.
Delivered: October 8, 1913.
Maiden Voyage: . .November 5, 1913.
Tonnage: ..13.868 GRT, 8.121 NET, 8.260 DWT.
Length: . .170.68m - 541.1 ft.
Beam: ..20.05m - 65.8 ft.
Draught: .28.2 ft - 9.1 m.
Propulsion: ..Two 4-cyl De Laval steam geared turbines - 44,500 kW (59,700 SHP) combined.
Speed: .16 knots service speed, maximum 17.5 knots.
Passengers: .1,444 passengers - 235 First, 224 Second and 135 in Third Class, 900 in Steerage - as built.
........................................1,287 passengers - 233 First Class, 350 Second Class and 704 Third Class - after the 1928 refit.
accommodation information available for the
the Delightful -
artists impression of the
By an unknown artist
Blue Water Liners sailing to
the distant shores.
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The Author has been in Passenger Shipping & the Cruise Industry for well over 60 years
In addition he was the founder of Save the Classic Liners Campaign in 1990.
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Photographs on ssmaritime and associate pages are by the author or from the authors private collection. In addition there are some images that have been provided by Shipping Companies and private photographers or collectors. Credit is given to all contributors. However, there are some photographs provided to me without details regarding the photographer/owner concerned.
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