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Maritime Historian, Cruise‘n’Ship Reviewer, Author & Maritime Lecturer
Please Note: All ssMaritime and other related maritime/cruise sites are 100% non-commercial and privately owned. Be assured that I am NOT associated with any shipping or cruise companies or any travel/cruise agencies or any other organisations! Although the author has been in the passenger shipping industry since 1960, although is now retired but having completed over 700 Classic Liners and Cargo-Passengers Ships features I trust these will continue to provide classic ship enthusiasts the information the are seeking, but above all a great deal of pleasure!
FeaturingM.S. Klipfontein (2), Oranjefontein & Jagersfontein (3)
Also the M.S.
Randfontein (2) - in 1971 - renamed M.S. Nieuw
This Page: M.S. Klipfontein (2), Oranjefontein & Jagersfontein (3)
V.N.S. produced this promotional painting prior to the completion of the first of the trio, the Klipfontein in 1939
These prints were then given to Travel Agents, and I have had this one since 1962. The ship is rather overly
streamlined looking, far more that the actual ships were in real life, but that is typical promo, it still happens today!
Please Note: Most photographs and images are from the author’s private collection, obtained when working with Royal Dutch Mails or over the past 58 years
Which included V.N.S., other photographs will be as noted - A special thank you to Dutch artist Mr. Fred Boom for his amazing works!
The Company Background: At the conclusion of WWI (1918) for Dutch Shipping Companies it was a time of optimism, mostly because of the demise of German Shipping Companies from the seas and the demand for shipping tonnage was now in great need. Some directors of Dutch Shipping Companies made a decision to commence a new company to fill the gap that was left by the Germans especially by the “German East Africa Line.”
Thus on April 30, 1920 the “N.V. Vereenigde Nederlandsche Scheepvaart Maatschappij - (V.N.S.) Den Haag, was founded by ten major Dutch shipping companies with a capital of 200 million Dutch guilders. VNS took over the and soon thereafter the new “Holland West Africa Line” was founded in conjunction with the “Hollandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij” (HSM) and “Koninklijke Hollandsche Lloyd” (KHL).
Due to the building of new ships being
extremely expensive after WWI, VNS with permission from
A typical V.N.S. poster placed in Travel Agencies
In 1932 the NZASM went in liquidation and the VNS took over their fleet and goodwill. Three new ships were commenced in construction just prior WW2, but sadly, VNS lost eleven ships during the War. After the war a programme was commenced to build new ships replace their losses. In due course, the once very successful passenger service declined in the sixties due to the arrival to cheaper air fares, and the rapid change in cargo handling with containerisation taking over. On top of all that there were also political problems in some African countries. Due to this, in 1967 this caused the sale of the wonderful M.S. Oranjefontein and Jagersfontein, and replace them with fast all cargo ships due to the change towards containerisation being simply too costly for one company. Then VNS announced in 1969 a merger as the “Nederlandse Scheepvaart Unie” (NSU) and took over all of the Dutch lines within the group and soon they all cane under the one name “Nedlloyd,” then later “Koninklijke Nedlloyd Group,” “P&O Nedlloyd Container Line,” and today it remains the “Maersk Lines.”
This multi page feature will cover four of the very last major Passenger-Cargo liners to be built for the famed (VNS) which was also known later as “Holland Africa Line.” The first of these ships was a trio of identical 10.500-ton Fontein ships, which were launched in 1939 and 1940 accommodating up to 160 passengers, but each had a very different start to their existence. Whilst the company’s next and very last passenger liner of 13.700-ton was floated out of an indoor dock in 1958 accommodated 289 passengers.
Page One will
cover the “Klipfontein Trio” history, Page Two, covers a
families voyage on the M.S. Jagersfontein to
The modern and larger M.S. Randfontein
Enjoy this feature, Reuben Goossens.
The Klipfontein (2) was built by the
“Rotterdamsche Droogdok Mij,”
This is the very first, 1922 built SS Klipfontein
Although V.N.S., did
not have her for long, for in 1935 she was sold to an Italian company “Rizutto Fratolli”
The Three Fontein sisters exuded an understated luxury which endeared them to the Dutch, English, European as well as the South African travelling public. In those days, many preferred to sail on smaller passenger liners for many good reasons, mostly due to V.N.S. Company had a long and a reputable reputation, and these fine ships offered comfortable accommodations, a good range of intimate lounges and bars. In addition the Fontein ships were famed for their superb personalised Dutch service and its excellent cuisine. The company had used some of the top interior designers, and therefore the Fontein interiors were likened to many of the larger passenger liners, but what was missing was the crowd.
A beautiful painting of the second ship of the trio -
M.S. Oranjefontein seen at
Thank you Sandra van der Plas for sending it, but I have been unable to discover the painter’s details
Please see the Image/Photo details at the bottom of the page, as I believe in giving everyone full credit!
This trio of ships had five passenger decks,
accommodating 100 First Class and 60 Tourist (the Klipfontein 104 First –
42 Tourist). First Class was located forward of the superstructure, whilst Tourist
Class was located somewhat aft. All First Class lounges including the swimming
pool were located on Promenade deck, with Tourist facilities being on lower
decks aft. Cabins ranged from singles and twin bedded cabins in First Class,
some having an upper
Other interiors and so much more can be seen on Page Four!
As will be read below, the first three Fontein ships featured had interesting beginnings, this being due to World War II.
The M.S. Klipfontein (2) is seen here being clearly marked as being a Dutch ship, thus from a Neutral Country.
M.S. Klipfontein (2) was the first of a trio of ships to be built between 1939 and 1940. These were a new class of combination passenger liners, offering new and high standards of passenger comfort.
She was constructed by P. Smit Jr,
March 4, 1939, Klipfontein is launched
A week later, the Klipfontein departed on her
maiden voyage sailing from
M.S. Klipfontein (2) was the first of pre WW2 trio of V.N.S., passenger-cargo liners to be constructed
However the Klipfontein’s career from
Although there is not a great deal of detail available of the U.S.S. Klipfontein’s career during WW2, I do know that she was in for the U.S.S. The “X Corps” took part in the following campaigns: , , and . Having become part of the , X Corps took part in the , beginning with the with aid of Filipino soldiers, under the and military units. For its involvement, the X Corps received the with a streamer embroidered October 17, 1944 - July 4, 1945. This special force, “X Corps” was deactivated in 1946.
The U.S.S. Klipfontein is seen on in May 1946 in May
1, 1946 at the
The man in the centre of this picture is unknown?
U.S.S. Klipfontein survived the war and she
did so with honours, thus when the she was finally decommissioned in May 1946,
she was sent to the “Craigh Shipyards & Drydocks” at Long Beach California, U.S.A., as seen
above, where her exteriors would be repainted in the traditional V.N.S. company
livery, being a black hull with red boot topping, the black funnel with that
traditional broad orange band on it. In addition some of her interiors would be
restored to passenger conditions, but this required to be completed in the
Upon completion she was returned to the
Netherland’s where she arrived in
seen arriving in the Dutch East Indies (
In October of that year she was returned to
her owners - V.N.S., and she was given a comprehensive internal refit restoring
to her original beautiful state and even better! Upon completion the almost as
new M.S. Klipfontein re-commenced her
The M.S. Klipfontein is seen here just after her refit
A fine stern view of the post war M.S. Klipfontein
Photograph is by & © Andi Dandi
The Klipfontein continued on her schedule and she gained a very good following and became a popular ship, this continued for the next seven years.
It was a beautiful calm and balmy January day
at sea, yet it was also the very sad day that the Klipfontein which was under the command of Captain Oosterhuis
suddenly struck an unchartered submerged *reef along
As the klipfontein is sinking with her bow going down first, we see some of the last crew members leaving the ship
M.S. Klipfontein is seen about to go under
The wonderful M.S. Klipfontein sadly sank around forty-five minutes after having struck the *reef. This was a date that her passengers would never forget, for the beautiful Klipfontein went down on Wednesday January 8, 1953.
The final view of the M.S. Klipfontein as she dives to the bottom of the ocean
A photograph taken by a crew member from the aft deck of the R.H.M.S Patris
*Note: Newspapers at that time stated that with the navigational equipment that was on the ship that it was highly unlikely that a reef was the actual “object” struck. Locals knew that the region had several sunken ships from WW2. According to reports a German U-boat was torpedoed in the region, in shallow waters, but it was never charted, some did believe that it was located around the very region the accident occurred. For interest, obviously all cargo on board the Klipfontein was lost, and it consisted of 1,000 tons of copper as well as manganese ore, and 100 bales of wool.
Klipfontein is seen at
A wonderful painting of the first of the Fontein Trio, which had a tragic end
Painting by &
© Fred Boom the
this was the company’s only ship ever to be named
“Oranjefontein” and she was built by the Dutch ship builder, P.
Smit Jr of
The M.S. Oranjefontein is seen laid up in the Waal Haven (river) early in 1941
On July 12, 1945 the Pioneer was finally
returned to the Dutch Government, and they sent her to a
Having returned to Holland from the
Here is an unusual shot of her aft section revealing a Tourist Class lounge and decks
M.S. Oranjefontein is seen whilst in port
As with so many ships of her time, slowly passenger loadings commenced to decline, mostly due to cheaper air travel, and also because of dramatic changes with cargo handling with new and modern container systems, and therefore new container ships were being built at a rapid pace, and they were becoming the norm, and the old style Passenger-Cargo ships with their holds, which were slowly going out of date! Therefore, with the drop of incoming revenue, V.N.S., decided to sell the Oranjefontein and she was laid up.
She was sold in 1967, and VNSM sold her to a
Spanish breaker who shortened her name to just “Fontein,” and she was taken under tow to the Bilbao
M.S. Jagersfontein (3)
ship certainly had a very different start to her life at sea to any of the
other two, for she was not constructed in the
The M.S. Jagersfontein (3) was originally laid
down as the “Reitfontein” in 1939 at the Schichau Shipyards,
Early in 1947 the sunken M.S. Elandsfontein
was transferred to V.N.S., and she was raised on March 20 and taken to a berth
and laid-up. On August 9, she was temporarily patched up in order for her to be
made as safe as possible for a voyage to
Elandsfontein is seen under tow in September 1947 bound for
In 1948 the Elandsfontein was renamed the “Jagersfontein”, and finally a good ten years late, in March 1950 the M.S. Jagersfontein (3) was completed and she had become a beautiful V.N.S., liner indeed.
The M.S. Jagersfontein departed on March 11, 1950 for her maiden voyage, and she commenced a successful career, which continued for a good sixteen years, having become a much loved ship!
The M.S. Jagersfontein (3) is seen here during her maiden voyage
Here we see the cover of a V.N.S., M.S. Jagersfontein Cabin Plan, but sadly to date I do not have the actual plan!
As with so many ships of her time, passenger loadings were declining, due to cheaper air travel, as well as dramatic changes with cargo handling with new and modern systems, for which container shipping was becoming the norm, and the “old style Cargo holds” were now out of date! With the drop of incoming revenue, V.N.S., decided to sell the Jagersfontein in late 1967.
In November 1967 she was sold to a Embajada Cia Naviera SA, Piraeus, who renamed her
“Devon”, however they rapidly resold her to a Taiwanese ship
breaker for her to be broken up, The M.S. Devon departed her anchorage, and on
December 23, 1967 she arrived at
Two Wonderful Memories of the Fontein Trio!
photograph of the M.S. Oranjefontein at
An excellent painting by Fed Boom of M.S. Jagersfontein arriving at Captown
Painting by &
© Fred Boom the
Builder: 1 & 3:
P Smit Jr
. 3: Schichau
Yards: 1 & 2: 517 - 532.
Launched: 1: March 4, 1939.
. 2: March 21, 1940
. 3: March 30, 1940.
GRT: 10,574 tons.
Length: 528 ft - 160.9 m.
Beam: 62.7 ft - 19.1 m.
Draught: 30.3 ft - 9.2 m.
Engines: 1 & 2:
(B&W) - Burmeister & Wain Diesels 11,800
Service Speed: 17.5 knots service speed, 20 knots maximum.
Passenger Decks: 5, Including Boat Deck as a sports deck for First Class.
Passengers: 1: 104 First - 42 Tourists Class.
2 & 3: 100 First & 60 Tourist Class.
Crew: 1: 120.
. 2 & 3: 110.
Livery: Black hull, red boot topping & white superstructure.
. Black funnel with a wide orange band.
V.N.S. & Fontein Ships Index:
Page One: history of the M.S. Klipfontein trio of ships
Page Two: to
Page Three: of 1958 page.
Page Four: memorabilia and brochures, etc.
Also Read … V.N.S. Freighters from 4 to 12 passengers.
. a delightful V.N.S. 8,336-ton passenger-cargo ships.
“Blue Water Liners sailing to the distant shores.
I watched them come, I watched them go and I watched them die.”
Visit our ssMaritime
Where you will discover over 750 Classic Passenger & Passenger-Cargo Liners!
Where the ships of the past make history & the 1914 built MV Doulos Story
Please Note: ssmaritime and associated sites are 100% non-commercial and the author does not seek funding or favours and never have and never will.
on ssmaritime and associate pages are either by the author or from the
author’s private collection. In addition there are some images and
photographs that have been provided by Shipping Companies or private
photographers or collectors. Credit is given to all contributors, however,
there are some photographs provided to me without details regarding the
photographer or owner concerned. Therefore, I hereby invite if owners of these
images would be so kind to make them-selves known to me (my email address can
be found at the bottom of the page on
Photographs on ssmaritime and associate pages are either by the author or from the author’s private collection. In addition there are some images and photographs that have been provided by Shipping Companies or private photographers or collectors. Credit is given to all contributors, however, there are some photographs provided to me without details regarding the photographer or owner concerned. Therefore, I hereby invite if owners of these images would be so kind to make them-selves known to me (my email address can be found at the bottom of the page onwww.ssmaritime.com), in order that due credit may be given.
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