SS Hellenic Prince 1948-1954, ex HMAS Albatross 1928-1946
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contains the story of what was, without a doubt one of the world’s most
basic passenger ships ever, yet she was give such a majestic and a princely
name such as the; “Hellenic Prince”. However, she was built
in 1928 as a humble Australian seaplane carrier the HMAS & the
Albatross is seen in the
Part Two - S.S. Hellenic Prince
The Albatross was sold to a British company the “South Western Steam Navigation Company” on August 19, 1946 with the idea of rebuilding her into a passenger liner to operate on the Australian market, and thus she was sent to Chatham Dockyards for conversion. But it rapidly became obvious that the cost of the rebuilding programme was going to prohibitive, therefore after a small amount of work had been done, South Western formed a new plan for the vessel, and they decided to use her as a storage facility. Thus, she was towed to Torquay early in 1947, having been renamed the “Pride of Torquay.” However, soon thereafter she was placed on the market, but as no buyers were forthcoming an auction was organised which was to be held on October 19, 1948.
several days prior to the auction date, she was purchased at a very good price
by the British-Greek “Yannoulatos Group” for their
“China Hellenic Lines” based in Hong Kong, and she would be
converted to operate migrant services to
Hellenic Prince was sent to the C. H. Bailey Ltd Shipyards, at Barry in
A Painting of the completed SS Hellenic Prince
The completed 6.558 GRT (Gross Registered Tons) SS Hellenic Prince was certainly no luxury liner, was able to accommodate up 1,200 persons in 200 cabins and dormitories with up to 20 persons, as well some 8 and some 4 bunk cabins all having the most basic of facilities, yet all accommodations were fully air-conditioned. The spacious Dinning Room seated 560 persons and this venue at certain times also was used as a lounge area, for there were no formal lounges, but there were two Cinemas for entertainment. In the three bays of her hangar deck there were three separate Hospitals - one for men, one for women, and an isolation Ward for sick children who would most likely have come out of one of the concentration camps of post-war Europe.
Built at: Cockatoo Docks and Engineering Co,
Tonnage: 4,800 Displacement.
Rebuilt: C. H. Bailey Ltd Shipyards, at Barry,
Tonnage: 6.558 GRT.
Length: 443.7ft - 135.70m.
Width: 61ft – 18.5m.
Draught: 17.25ft - 5.26m.
Propulsion: 4 × Yarrow boilers, Parsons Turbines, 12,000 SHP, 8,900 kW.
Speed: 17 Knots service speed, 22 maximum.
Passengers: around 1,000, but up to 1,200 maximum in Steerage.
Her lower aft deck had been covered providing a short Promenade Deck, but as it was very close to the sea meant that on bad weather days it would have been inaccessible! There was large covered area provided forward of the superstructure for relaxation, and there was also a spacious aft deck, but considering this very small ship carried so many passengers, her decks were usually very crowded.
SS Hellenic Prince seen at Sea & you can see the two covered areas forward and the passengers crowded there
the C. H. Bailey Ltd Shipyards and headed for
During the Hellenic Prince’s career she was also chartered by the “International Refugee Organisation” (IRO) to transport both individuals and families who would migrate to Australia and one voyage that extended to New Zealand after World War II, who hailed from various European Countries including; Germany, Hungary, Russia, Ukraine, Latvia, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania, etc. The vast majority of these passengers are World War II refugees or displaced persons.
Prince would sail at a service speed of 17 knots, meant that her voyages would
take an average of between 25 and 28 days. Her first voyage departed
Hellenic Prince is seen here berthed in
Once she had
offloaded her passengers, she departed and headed back to
Here we see a stern view of the SS Hellenic Prince
voyage however, went without a hitch mechanically and she headed to
voyage was in September 1950 and she sailed via the
She the departed later that day and headed directly along the Southern Sea & the “Great Australian Bight,” and then across the Tasman Sea to Wellington New Zealand where she arrived October 16 to off load her passengers bound for New Zealand.
Hellenic Prince is seen arriving in
She then departed that same day and returned once again directly to Fremantle arriving on November 2, and having bunkered there, she departed again and headed directly north bound for Indonesia to board further Dutch ex-patriots and then head for Bremerhaven.
Although she remain on the Australian trade until 1952, but I have not covered her on board experienced as reported so clearly by the captain and the passengers. AS we read the following be well aware that “action was taken against captain P. C. King and the company”.
titled “Kangaroo” and dated January 5, 1951 was distributed on
board the Hellenic Prince during her 38 day voyage from (
newsletter was used by Mr & Mrs. Savo and Carla Krohnje who immigrated to
Passengers were even required to work during the voyage, undertaking cleaning, cooking, mess room duties, and working in the boiler and engine rooms, with payment received in Woodbine cigarettes. Drinking water ran out before the end of the voyage, although stubbies of drinking water could be purchased from passengers working in the machinery room for US$1.00. A freezer breakdown saw precious food stuffs perish, in addition passengers were refused permission to disembark at every single port and when fresh food was finally obtained in Fremantle, it was given to the crew, and not the passengers. Sea sickness was also rife as the ship was rarely level due to a malfunction with the pumps thus they were unable to move the ballast tanks around when needed.
This drawing made by a passenger was to prove of the water & other tortures received from the hands of the captain & his crew
This image has been greatly cleaned up as the original I received was in a very poor state!
These conditions resulted in increasing passenger discontent which culminated in a hunger strike and the ship's master accused passengers of mutiny. A letter of complaint was drafted and signed by all passengers and sent to the “International Refugee Organisation”. On arrival at Bonegilla Migrant Camp, they received news that the Hellenic Prince had been inspected and action was taken against captain P. C. King and the company.
To view a larger, more readable version CLICK HERE
If the link does not work due to your system - Copy & Paste the following link that should suit your search engine;
Below is a
copy of the “West Australian” News Paper printed in
Dated; Saturday 12 May 1951, Page 2.
“Filthy” Ship Habits Of Migrant Groups.
habits have been filthy and they were a constant worry to the crew,” the
master of the migrant vessel Hellenic Prince Captain. P. C. King said at
Fremantle last night about Syrian. Lebanese and Cypriot peasants aboard the
ship. “Some of them are not even white,” Capt. King said.
‘They came on board from the mountains of
Capt. King, who is a former British naval officer, said that he was as surprised as some of his passengers-particularly the 29 French men and women on board-when Syrian, Lebanese and Cypriot peasants joined the ship.
“Some appeared to have the mentality of children,” he continued. “It has been difficult to keep the ship clean, particularly in their dormitory.”
past five voyages to
displaced persons gave us less trouble because they were well
disciplined,” Capt. King said. “Many of the people on this voyage
have not the slightest idea of what discipline is. They became obstreperous at
officer said that although he had seen thousands of displaced persons coming to
Roussel, the son of a Paris bank director, who is on a holiday visit to
Australia, said that he had cancelled his first-class booking on a British
liner when he heard of the “luxury” offering on the Hellenic
Prince. Last week, on behalf of all the other French passengers, he had sent a
cablegram to the French Consul in W.A. (Dr. Louis Gelle) asking that the ship
be inspected at Fremantle. This was to ensure that “such misrepresentation
Some of the French migrants who reached Fremantle in
the Hellenic Prince last night and who have complained about conditions on
board the ship during its voyage from
When the Hellenic Prince reached Gage Roads yesterday, Dr. J. G. McGlashan, a Commonwealth medical officer, inspected the vessel. He said that he would report on conditions to Dr. Gelle. The Hellenic Prince was a converted aircraft tender and therefore luxury-liner conditions could not be expected.
Only five passengers disembarked at Fremantle.”
Below is a clipping of the actual news paper:
As I said
earlier, she continued on the Australian service until 1952, but then she was
taken off her duties and in 1953 the SS Hellenic Prince was chartered
by the British Government to be used as a troopship to
Hellenic Prince is seen
concluded in November 1953. She headed to Hong Kong where was laid up in
tragic looking SS Hellenic Prince is seen during her lay-up in
Then end came, when the SS Hellenic Prince, ex HMS/HMAS Albatross, which had its beginning in 1928 was finally sold after 26 years of very different styles of service, to Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Navy and finally the “Pacific Salvage Co. Ltd,” of Hong Kong it was on August 12, 1954 and the migrant ship was sold to Pacific Salvage Co of Hong Kong. The ship was soon broken up, but captain P. C. King will long be remembered for all the wrong reasons, for he and his crew turned the Hellenic Prince’s migrant voyages into a living hell, as we have read above.
Water Liners sailing to the distant shores.
I watched them come, I watched them go and I watched them die.”
In conclusion: Here is a final look at the some what infamous SS Hellenic Prince
looking at her very best seen in her very early days
Hellenic Prince is seen heading for Port Phillip Bay,
© State Library of
HMAS/HMS Albatross & SS Hellenic Prince Page INDEX:
Page One: The
HMAS & HMS Albatross,
Or Copy & Paste: www.ssmaritime.com/Albatross-Hellenic-Prince-Page-One.htm.
Also View: HMS Albatross and her War 2 duties. This is another website, but very interesting!
Page Two: The
S.S. Hellenic Prince the migrant ship to
Or Copy & Paste www.ssmaritime.com/Albatross-Hellenic-Prince-Page-Two.htm.
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