Please Note: Firefox and some other search engines are not suitable – Use “Internet Explorer” for this page to load perfectly!
Click the logo above to reach the ssMaritime FrontPage for News Updates & “Ship of the Month”
With Reuben Goossens
Maritime Historian, Cruise‘n’Ship Reviewer & Author
USS Costa Rica Victory later the SS Groote Beer
And the …
Military Personnel Officer - then Chief Warrant Officer
The SS Costa Rica Victoria was constructed,
together with many other Victory class ships, by the Permanente Metals
A the as yet unnamed ship was about to be constructed, she was given a hull number 529, which remained her name until launching, and her keel was laid with steel plate number 529 on March 22, 1944. But what was so amazing is the absolute speed that she was built, regardless of the speed, there was no doubt that the quality and their hull strength was beyond perfection! She was officially named Costa Rica Victory and launched on June 17, being less than three months after her keel was laid. She was towed to her Fit-Out berth where she was rapidly completed and was delivered to the “American-Hawaiian Steam Ship Company,” on August 21, 1944, who operated her for the government.
The USS Costa Rica Victory is seen at sea steaming
Photograph from the author’s private collection
It is still beyond comprehension that from
laying her keel in March to her completion and delivery in August in 1944 took
just five months and that was to build a ten thousand ton ship that could
transport almost 1,600 people anywhere in the world! But we need to remember,
these yards were almost like an automated assembly line as these Victory and C3
ships were being built in massive numbers during the war, in fact at total of
413 Victory ships were built in
She was the standard wartime “Victory” class ship of 9,140 GRT (Gross Registered Tons) with her specifications being as follows; Length 138.7m - 455.3ft, beam 18.9m - 62.1ft, she had tall slim one funnel, three masts, Propulsion: Geared Steam Turbines that operated a single screw and her service speed was 15 knots, with a maximum of 17 knots. She was completed to carry up to 1,597 troops. Bunks were installed in the ‘t’ween decks, and the galleys, washrooms, hospital facilities and a few public rooms were also added. All the accommodation areas were fitted with ventilation and a heating system for comfort.
Part One ~ My Father by Mary Lovell
My Father Frank Lovell was born on April 1,
Frank grew up playing baseball
for the local youth league. After graduating from
Then in February 1940, Frank was drafted into
the U.S. Army and it was here that his military service began. Initially he was
Prior to arriving in Normandy, Frank
participated in all the 9th.Division campaigns
and thus he boarded a C3 class ship the USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) and
departed the US and sailed to Morocco where his Division was involved
invasion of Moroccoas well as having seen action in Algeria and Tunisia. All this was followed by the invasion of
Here we see the USS Florence Nightingale steaming at
full speed bound for
Photograph from the author’s private collection
After all that, his unit was rested at Camp
Barton Stacy in
One of the many troopships that would be in
port to return across the
Part Two ~ The Dairy by Frank Lovell
The dairy commences six days before Frank was
due to board the troopship to head home to the
All photographs were taken by Frank Lovell and kindly provided to me by & © Mary Lovell
September 1, 1945 to September 14, 1945
I didn’t get up for breakfast but got up about 7:30 a.m. and took a shower. I rounded up the morning reports, which depended upon the Public Address system to get the last two. I hung around in the morning. I watched the various sports being played and the airplanes. I talked with various people. I washed my soiled clothes and rested.
After supper I went to the show and then went to bed.
I got up about 7:30 a.m. and had breakfast. I rounded together as many of the morning reports as I could. There were about six missing at the appointed hour. I checked some more, and found four. I left the remaining two up to the Public Address system.
It is Sunday. I went to Mass in the double squad tent at 11 a.m.
We got corned beef for Sunday dinner, as they ran out of chicken. After dinner I watched the men play ball, watched the airplanes, did a few odds and ends, and rested.
After supper I went to the show, talked with people, and took a short walk toward the beach. I went to bed early.
I got up at 7:30 a.m. and ate breakfast. Afterwards I sat in the Colonel’s tent and collected morning reports. I rounded up a table and two chairs for the tent. I had a Jerry soldier, a prisoner, carry the stuff and arrange it.
I hung around until dinner. In the afternoon I rested and then did a little typing for the Colonel. It rained in the late afternoon.
I got up for breakfast. They had fresh eggs
flown in from
I read all evening in the reading room.
I got up for breakfast and they had fresh
bananas no less. They must be flying them in from
I rounded up the morning reports and then
rested for a while. I washed a few things. I watched a German helicopter come
in. The British are taking it to
In the evening I hung around.
I didn’t sleep well at all and the rest didn’t either. We actually were chilly even with blankets. After breakfast we all got our things together. We hung around waiting.
We ate dinner at 1000 hours, gathered up our stuff, and joined our respective groups. It had been drizzling all morning. Our group was the first on the trucks. We loaded on semi-trailers; there were 60 of us with our equipment. The fellows on the trucks, as they went along, yelled at the girls and Military Police, as all are happy. We passed pillboxes and cement fortifications, they are all over the beaches, docks, and hillsides. The dock area is leveled of buildings.
We saw our ship, the Costa Rica Victory, and
it looks fairly large. The
We were given coffee and doughnuts and we were the first group to go aboard. The fellows from the 16th Reinforcement Depot are already on as they came from another camp. All the Lieutenants and Warrant Officers are in the forward hold. I got a top bunk and we then watched others come aboard, even some from the Air Corps. The Air Corps were overloaded with equipment and liquor. The G.I.s kidded them. Some fell down and got a big cheer.
The Officers have a card game going already. I took a shower and shaved. There are about 225 Officers in this forward hold. We waited quite some time for supper but it was worth the wait. I came back to my bunk, read, wrote, and then retired.
Please Note: Photographs below were taken by the late Frank Lowell and are now owned & © by his daughter, Mary Lovell. Therefore we ask that they are not copied for personal or any other use, unless permission is sought and is given in writing by Miss Lovell! Email me for details!
I awoke after a good night’s sleep. It was warm sleeping. We had breakfast at 8:10 am. The food was good.
We all were on deck. The ship finally left the dock at 9:30 am. We pulled out into the stream. They opened the lock ahead and we steamed out about 10 o’clock. La Havre soon faded from view.
Decided to spend some time out on deck, as did everyone else!
There wasn’t anything to be seen. We are traveling right along. It is a great day. I retired early in the evening.
I had a good night’s sleep and got up early for breakfast. It was a wonderful day out. The water was a pretty blue. I took in the sun and read and talked. We passed a couple of ships. We are making good time. I went to bed early.
I slept well and got up for breakfast. It is a little rough out and the weather is poor.
After breakfast I went up on deck for a while. It was rough and sprinkling. I came back to the hold and slept.
I didn’t get up for the usual noonday snack. I am feeling the weather.
I didn’t get up for supper and I am now getting sick, no less. It is terribly rough now and many are sick. The huge waves hit the hull with a resounding smash. The prow seems to raise 15 feet and then fall with a thud. This is too much for my stomach. I rose up, grabbed a towel, and started for the head. I threw up at the foot of the ladder. I went to the latrine and threw up some more, even threw up some blood. I noticed many lying all around, sick. I came back to the hold for a while, as I feel better after throwing up. I got sick again. This time I took a blanket and went to the point that I figured was the center of the ship. I figured there would be less pitch fore and aft and sideways. I spread the blanket on the corridor and lied down with the rest of the guys. It was hard to find any space as all you could see were bodies laying on the floor. I feel better.
I got out of the aisle and made my way back to the hold. I feel good after a good night’s sleep. I ate breakfast and there weren’t many there.
I went on deck and there aren’t many there either. Most of the people are still sick. It is still rough and stormy. I stayed on deck all day. There are birds flying around. I went to bed early in my regular place, the forward hold.
I got up for breakfast. I had slept in my clothes last night. I was afraid it might get rough and I would have to hustle to the latrine.
It was a little rough during the day. Later it
began to get foggy and the water calmed down. The sick began to appear. The
I got up for breakfast. I stayed on deck all day. Most of the sick came out today, as it is fairly calm and clearing. The sun broke through about 1 pm and it turned into a great day. The crapshooters and card players have been busy during the whole trip.
Above & below: Although we had quarters below, but the decks offered fresh air and
sunshine and we enjoyed each others company there, playing cards and just spending time talking
Enroute to the
I got up early and had breakfast.
I went on deck. It was raining but fairly smooth. Soon the sun came out and it turned into a great day. We ran in and out of fog banks.
The seventh day at sea and as Frank said in his dairy
“It was raining but fairly smooth. Soon the sun came out and it turned into a great day.”
Obviously this photograph was taken when the sun had come out and every one was on deck enjoying the fresh air and the sun!
We land tomorrow. I read and talked all day. More than one person told me that they never want to set their foot on another ship for the rest of their life. I wrote and read in the evening.
Enroute to the
I got up early, shaved, and then ate. I got
all my things ready, so I could be on deck and watch the arrival. We will dock
We saw fishermen. It is a bit hazy and we just coasted along. The water is as placid as a pond. Everyone is on deck. I stood on the prow and we could see the fins of sharks. Then we saw some whales, they sure are huge. We saw more fishermen. They blew their whistle and waved. The fellows have climbed up and are all over the rigging.
Above & below: Excitement spreads around the ship as the coastline comes into sight
Next there are fishing boats and the tugs arrive on the scene ready to take us to our berth
About 12:30 pm we saw the dim outline of land,
what a thrill after three years. We could see some boats as we neared it. The
lands we can see are the islands in
A tug, with a band and Woman’s Army Corp (WACs) aboard, came along side. The band was playing and everybody was yelling and waving. We came in to the Army Base. The workers all lined the dock. The soldiers lined the rail, shouting and throwing coins. There was a band playing, WACs, and newspapermen. What a thrill, I almost felt like crying.
Above & below: We really know that we are home as we berth, the band is playing
But all we can think about is get off the ship and then I would really know I was home!
group was the first ones off and I fell on the gangplank and got a big round of
cheers and yells. The reporters crowded around and were taking names. A little
later we were given a little snack and milk.
Our group was the first ones off and I fell on the gangplank and got a big round of cheers and yells. The reporters crowded around and were taking names. A little later we were given a little snack and milk.
We took a troop train to Camp Myles Standish,
After we arrived we were oriented and billeted. I took a bath, called home, and retired.
Part Three ~ Frank’s Life After the War
Please Note:This final Part was written by the author of ssMaritime from material provided by Frank Lovell’s daughter, Mary Lovell!
Having arrived and disembarked Frank was taken
with his Battalion to the Army Camp at Taunton, Massachusetts, but he was soon
released and he was able to go home to Boston and enjoy home cooked food and
some real and normal life. Of course that would include going out some nights
for he loved to go dancing. It would be around a month after he had returned
home for in October Frank met his future wife, Patricia Anna Donnellan, who he
lovingly called “Patsy” whilst he was at an Officer’s dance
A delightful wedding photograph of the very happy Frank and Patricia Lovell in October 1946
They made their home in
This photograph was taken in 1961
in the yard of our Brighton,
Besides, Mum and Dad, in front is left to right: Paul,
However, in 1962 the family moved to West
Slowly as the years advanced, Mary told the author, sadly frank became old and rather ill, and as Mary wrote; “It is so funny that when I looked at my Father, no matter how old or sick he became, I always saw him as he appears in that 1961 photo.”
Frank is seen here in the early 1990s at
his home in
Sadly, Frank Lovell passed away January 25, 1996 and Mary gave me sad news as follows; “My Mom passed away March 11, 2014 just a few months ago.” Mary also told me that the, “the kids” had decided, rather to place their beloved Mum in an old age home, to keep her at home where they were able to take good care of her whilst she had been ill. In addition a doctor was always at hand when needed, etc!
This concludes the Frank Lovell Story, a man who sailed on one amazing ships, for she became one of three well known ship owned by the Dutch and they would take countless thousands from the Netherlands to the United States, Canada, New Zealand and Australia. The SS Costa Rica Victory was rebuilt into the migrant ship the SS Groote Beer.
The SS Costa Rica Victory was extensively rebuilt into a humble passenger liner and was renamed SS Groote Beer (Big Bear)
She is seen berthed at
Photograph by Victor Scrivens – from the Rich Turnwald collection
The other two ships were the SS Cranston
Victory, which was rebuilt to become the SS Zuiderkruis and the SS La
Grande Victory became the SS Waterman. All three ships were owned by the
Dutch Government, but managed by Holland America Line, or the Netherland Line.
Later in their days, they became popular as student ships sailing to and from
If you would like to read more about these three amazing “Victory Class” ships and the full history of the SS Groote Beer, visit my extensive Nine-Page feature entitled … “The Dutch Victory Trio.”
If anyone has come across this SS Costa Rica Victory story and this voyage and if you have any particular questions, Mary Lovell has advised me that she is happy to answer any, that is, if she is able. Therefore I have retained Mary’s email address, thus feel fee to Email me and I will forward your email to Mary for her to answer!
Return to the ssMaritime Main INDEX
Where the ships of the past make history & the 1914 built MV Doulos Story
Also visit my
Please Note: ssmaritime and associated sites are 100% non-commercial and the author seeks no funding or favours of any shape or form, never have and never will!
Photographs on ssmaritime and associate pages are by the author or from the author’s private collection. In addition there are some images that have been provided by Shipping Companies and private photographers or collectors. Credit is given to all contributors. However, there are some photographs provided to me without details regarding the photographer/owner concerned. I hereby invite if owners of these images would be so kind to make them-selves known to me in order that due credit may be given.
This notice covers all pages, although, and I have done my best to ensure that all photographs are duly credited and that this notice is displaced on each page, that is, when a page is updated!
ssMaritime is owned & © Copyright by Reuben Goossens - All Rights Reserved